Posted by Issa and Published on Mar 11, 2012
What is Compounding?
Compounding is the most common productive way of creating new words in English. A compound is a word that consist of two elements, the first of which is either a root, a word or a phrase, the second of which is either a root or a word (Plag, 2003).
What are the types of Compounds?
1. Nominal Compounds
Noun-noun combinations are the most common type of compounds in English. Sometimes, the adjective-noun and verb-noun combinations occur but the grammatical function of these compounds remains as a noun.
- letter head
- party pooper
- laser printer
- email address
2. Adjectival Compounds
This type of compounds are formed by combining Noun and Adjective (e.g. self-destructive, half-familiar, etc.) or Adjective and Adjective (e.g. bitter-sweet, sweet-sour, ill-furnished, etc.).
3. Verbal Compounds.
Words derived from a combination of verbal (i.e. Gerund, Participles, & Infinitives) affixes such as -er, -ing, and -ed and its complement.
4. Neoclassical Compounds.
Words that contain multiple combining forms derived from the classical languages (i.e. Greek or Latin).
How to Use Compounds?
Patients with severe kidney damage from injury, disease, or congenital conditions might need nephrectomy. (Neoclassical compound.In Greek, nephr means kidney and -ectomy refers to surgical incision.)
Five-time MLC champion midfielder Mullan sullied his career with a leg-breakingtackle of Steve Zakuani.
Art & Culture
Meant to get attention, Brambilla's multilayered mosaics include three-dimensional takes on cinematic and societal excesses.